The Rules Of Word Stress
a)Noun/Adj of 2 syllables: stress 1st syllable:
Ex: student, table, sticker... happy, random, courage....
Except: machine , event
b)Verbs of 2 syllables :stress 2nd syllable
Ex: to admit, to intent, to construct...
c)Verbs of 2 syllables-ending with OW, EN, Y, EL, ER, LE, ISH :stress 1st syllable
Ex: to open, to follow, to hurry, to struggle, to flatter, to finish..
2.RULE 2 : three or > three syllable words
- stress 3rd syllable- counting backwards: nhấn vần thứ 3 từ sau đếm tới.
Ex: to celebrate,curriculum, to unify...
Except: to develop, imagine, banana
3.RULE 3 : suffixes:
a) stress before CIV(consonant-I-vowel)
Ex: australia, religious, physician..
b) stress before IC
Ex: titanic, panasonic, pacific....
Except: rhetoric, lunatic, catholic, arithmetic, politics, Arabic
c) stress on the following ending syllables: ADE, OO, OON, EE, EEN, EER, ESE, ISE, IZE, AIRE, SELF
Ex: pickaboo, millionaire, cocoon, analyze, engineer, themselves....
d) stress before TION, TAL
Ex: tradition, continental,....
4. RULE 4: phrases
4.1. noun phrases:
a) WH - to inf ; whether/if-to inf ; gerund+ obj :stress on the last word
Ex: what to do, learning english...
b) compound nouns :
* N+N , N+gerund , gerund+N: stress on 1st element
Ex : river bank, coal mining, living room...
** N + adj : stress on N
Ex: a handsome and good man...
*** N( possession, material, component) + N: stress on both of them
Ex : my father's book, wood chair, egg cake...
4.2. adj / adv phrases : stress on the last word
Ex : the book on the table, the girl standing overthere, in the morning , by car...
5. RULE 5 : sentences stress on
* verbs : the last verb
* nouns : the last noun
* before commas
* on reflexive pronouns
Ex: I go to school and learn English
I do it myself