BT Arise II - шаблон joomla Продвижение

Activities to Teach the Count and Noncount Noun Distinction

in Grammar

Look carefully at these sets of sentences below.

I bought some flour.

I bought some flowers.

My father has company.

My father has a company.

It is in the woods.

It is in the wood.

I need some glass.

I need some glasses.

I like strawberry.

I like strawberries.

I ate hamburger.

I ate a hamburger.

There is none.

There is a nun.

Baseball is popular.

Baseballs are round.

Use some pepper.

Use some peppers.

Orange is beautiful.

Oranges are beautiful.

She likes chicken.

She likes chickens.

You need some peace.

You need some pieces.

I like Apple.

I like apples.

To a Japanese learning English, what is confusing about the pairs of sentences above? Unlike Japanese nouns, English nouns have a count or noncount distinction. In English singular count nouns require some kind of article or determiner as follows: (See exceptions below.*)

  • the definite article (the car)
  • the indefinite article (a pencil, an apple)
  • a possessive determiner (my dictionary, your car, etc.)
  • a demonstrative pronoun (this dog, these cats, that house, those people, etc.)

To help students understand this important grammatical distinction and to provide ample classroom practice, I introduce the lesson by orally asking the students to translate the following English sentence into Japanese. (I don't write the sentence on the blackboard, but just repeat it orally.)

Yesterday, I bought flour.

Almost always the students translate the sentence incorrectly as follows:

Kino, hana o kaimashita.

The students mistake the word "flour" to mean "flowers."

To provide practice and reinforcement of this grammatical distinction, I use four activities which students enjoy. In addition to teaching the count/noun count distinction, these particular activities also teach the use of the following:

  • Use of there is/are
  • Use of many/much/a lot and few/little
  • Use of focus questions
  • Use of a rejoinder
  • Use of future tense